The Penal Treadmill

As energy costs continue to spike, expect this barbaric trend make a come back.

A penal treadmill in Burma, showing how coerced human-power is combined with technology to produce surplus value.
Penal treadmill in Burma, between 1890 and 1899. Credit: Wellcome Collection via Wikimedia

One barrel of oil has the same energy output as 5 years of human work.

150 years into humanity’s big experiment with oil, we’ve lost track of this critical fact. We’re energy blind, thinking of energy in terms of dollars instead of the energy return on investment, or EROI



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Liman Albridge

Half Ben Franklin, Half Tyler Durden. Emphasis on half. I get weird over at